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順位

總 統

總 統

出生地

就任期間

黨 派

1

George Washington (1732-1799) John Adams

Virginia

1789-1797

Federalist

2

John Adams (1735-1826) Thomas Jefferson

Massachusetts

1797-1801

Federalist

3

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Aaron Burr, George Clinton

Virginia

1801-1809

Democratic-Republican

4

James Madison (1751-1836) George Clinton, Elbridge Gerry

Virginia

1809-1817

Democratic-Republican

5

James Monroe (1758-1831) Daniel Tompkins

Virginia

1817--1825

Democratic-Republican

6

John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) John Calhoun

Massachusetts

1825-1829

Democratic-Republican

7

Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) John Calhoun, Martin van Buren

South Carolina

1829-1837

Democratic

8

Martin Van Buren (1782-1862) Richard Johnson

New York

1837-1841

Democratic

9

William H. Harrison (1773-1841) John Tyler

Virginia

1841

Whig

10

John Tyler (1790-1862)  

Virginia

1841-1845

Whig

11

James K. Polk (1795-1849) George Dallas

North Carolina

1845-1849

Democratic

12

Zachary Taylor (1784-1850) Millard Fillmore

Virginia

1849-1850

Whig

13

Millard Fillmore (1800-1874)  

New York

1850-1853

Whig

14

Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) William King

New Hampshire

1853-1857

Democratic

15

James Buchanan (1791-1868) John Breckinridge

Pennsylvania

1857-1861

Democratic

16

Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) Hannibal Hamlin, Andrew Johnson

Kentucky

1861-1865

Republican

17

Andrew Johnson (1808-1875)  

North Carolina

1865-1869

National Union

18

Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885) Schuyler Colfax

Ohio

1869-1877

Republican

19

Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893) William Wheeler

Ohio

1877-1881

Republican

20

James A. Garfield (1831-1881) Chester Arthur

Ohio

1881

Republican

21

Chester A. Arthur (1829-1886)  

Vermont

1881-1885

Republican

22

Grover Cleveland (1837-1908)  Thomas Hendriks

New Jersey

1885-1889

Democratic

23

Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) Levi Morton

Ohio

1889-1893

Republican

24

Grover Cleveland (1837-1908) Adlai Stevenson 

New Jersey

1893-1897

Democratic

25

William McKinley (1843-1901) Garret Hobart, Theodore Roosevelt 

Ohio

1897-1901

Republican

26

Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) Charles Fairbanks

New York

1901-1909

Republican

27

William H. Taft (1857-1930) James Sherman

Ohio

1909-1913

Republican

28

Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) Thomas Marshall

Virginia

1913-1921

Democratic

29

Warren G. Harding (1865-1923) Calvin Coolidge

Ohio

1921-1923

Republican

30

Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933) Charles Dawes

Vermont

1923-1929

Republican

31

Herbert C. Hoover (1874-1964) Charles Curtis

Iowa

1929-1933

Republican

32

Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 John Garner, Henry Wallace, Harry S. Truman

New York

1933-1945

Democratic

33

Harry S. Truman (1884-1972) Alben Barkley

Missouri

1945-1953

Democratic

34

Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969) Richard Milhous Nixon

Texas

1953-1961

Republican

35

John F. Kennedy (1917-1963) Lyndon Johnson

Massachusetts

1961-1963

Democratic

36

Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973) Hubert Humphrey 

Texas

1963-1969

Democratic

37

Richard Milhous Nixon (1913-1994) Spiro Agnew, Gerald R. Ford

California

1969-1974

Republican

38

Gerald R. Ford (1913- 2006) Nelson Rockefeller

Nebraska

1974-1977

Republican

39

James (Jimmy) Earl Carter, Jr. (1924- ) Walter Mondale

Georgia

1977-1981

Democratic

40

Ronald W. Reagan (1911- 2004) George H. W. Bush

Illinois

1981-1989

Republican

41

George H. W. Bush (1924- ) James Danforth (Dan) Quayle

Massachusetts

1989-1993

Republican

42

William (Bill) Jefferson Clinton (1946- ) Al Gore

Arkansas

1993-2001

Democratic

43 George W. Bush (1946- ) Richard Cheney Connecticut 2001-2008 Republican
44 Barack H. Obama (1961- ) Joseph Biden Hawaii 2009-2016 Democratic
45 Donald J. Trump ( June 14, 1946  - ) Michael Richard Pence New York City 2017 Republican

The President and Vice-President are elected every four years. They must be at least 35 years of age, they must be native-born citizens of

 

南北戰爭,又稱美國內戰(American Civil War),是美國歷史上最大規模的內戰,參戰雙方為北方的美利堅合眾國(簡稱聯邦)和南方的美利堅聯盟國(簡稱邦聯)。 這場戰爭的起因為美國南部十一州以亞伯拉罕·林肯於1861年就任總統為由而陸續退出聯邦,另成立以傑斐遜·戴維斯為總統的邦聯,並驅逐駐紮南方的聯邦軍,而林肯下令攻打「叛亂」州。此戰不但改變當時美國的政經情勢,導致奴隸制度在美國南方最終被廢除,也對日後美國的民間社會產生巨大的影響。此次戰爭造成約750,000名士兵死亡,平民傷亡人數不詳。歷史學家約翰·赫德爾斯頓估計所有20-45歲北方男性的10%,所有18-40歲南方白人男性的30%在戰爭中死亡。